ADAPTATION


ADAPTATION
   Adaptation (hon’an) is a term that was used throughout the Tokugawa period to refer to translated literary works, in contrast to hon’yaku, which was reserved for medical and scientific texts. Though adaptations often parallel the original works in many ways, they do not correspond to the work but alter such elements as the setting, characterization, or plot. Historically adaptations have been highly regarded in Asia, seen more as homage than plagiarism. During the early Meiji period, adaptation was the dominant mode of literary transmission from the West into Japan, with works as diverse as Aesop’s Fables, Jean-Jacques Rousseau’s Social Contract and 1001 Arabian Nights, and the science fiction of Jules Verne making their first Japanese appearance as adaptations rather than literal translations. By the early 20th century, correspondent translation had eclipsed adaptation as the dominant mode of literary transmission in Japan.

Historical dictionary of modern Japanese literature and theater. . 2009.

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  • ADAPTATION — L’OBSERVATION des comportements est au principe des différentes théories qui explicitent les mécanismes et les modalités de l’adaptation. À cet objet d’étude pluridisciplinaire sont principalement associées les idées d’évolution, d’accommodation… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Adaptation. — (film) Pour les articles homonymes, voir Adaptation. Adaptation Titre original Adaptation. Réalisation Spike Jonze Acteurs principaux Nicolas Cage Meryl Streep …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adaptation (Œil) — Pour les articles homonymes, voir Adaptation. Le mécanisme d’adaptation permet à l œil de voir dans des environnements lumineux différents. Définition On distingue 2 mécanismes : l’adaptation à l’obscurité ; l’adaptation à la lumière.… …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Adaptation. — Título Adaptation (El ladrón de orquídeas) Ficha técnica Dirección Spike Jonze Producción Edward Saxon Jonathan Demme Vicent Landay …   Wikipedia Español

  • adaptation — UK [ˌædæpˈteɪʃ(ə)n] / US or adaption UK [əˈdæpʃ(ə)n] / US noun Word forms adaptation : singular adaptation plural adaptations * 1) [countable] a film, TV programme etc that has been made from a book or play The television adaptation of the stage… …   English dictionary

  • Adaptation — Ad ap*ta tion, n. [Cf. F. adaptation, LL. adaptatio.] 1. The act or process of adapting, or fitting; or the state of being adapted or fitted; fitness. Adaptation of the means to the end. Erskine. [1913 Webster] 2. The result of adapting; an… …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • adaptation — index accommodation (adjustment), adjustment, compromise, habituation, innovation, modification, propriety ( …   Law dictionary

  • adaptation — (n.) c.1600, action of adapting, from Fr. adaptation, from L.L. adaptationem (nom. adaptatio), noun of action from pp. stem of adaptare (see ADAPT (Cf. adapt)). Meaning condition of being adapted is from 1670s. Sense of modification of a thing to …   Etymology dictionary

  • adaptation — [n1] act of adapting adjustment, adoption, alteration, conversion, modification, refitting, remodeling, reworking, shift, transformation, variation; concept 697 adaptation [n2] condition of something resulting from change acclimatization,… …   New thesaurus

  • adaptation — Adaptation. s. f. v. Application. L Adaptation de ce passage est juste …   Dictionnaire de l'Académie française


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